It is vital to understand the need and methods of how to achieve a continuously insulated building. Insulation plays a key role within the building envelope and is paramount to creating and maintaining a comfortable indoor environment. Structural Insulated Panels (SIPs) are high performance building panels used in floors, walls and roofs for residential and light commercial buildings. SIPs are made with an expanded polystyrene (EPS) rigid foam core sandwiched between two structural skins of 7/16″ oriented strand board (OSB). When the two are laminated together they create an insulated panel that is 2-1/2 times stronger than a stick-frame wall.
Whether you are building a residential home, a commercial building or an agricultural structure, Enercept offers cost-efficiency, energy efficiency, improved air quality and the one of the easiest ways to build green.
The energy efficiency, strength and construction techniques of Enercept SIPs are a result of extensive engineering, design testing and experience.
It is important to work with a qualified HVAC professional that can accurately estimate the low levels of air infiltration in a SIP home or commercial building. Proper HVAC sizing is crucial because an oversized HVAC system will fail to reach the steady operating rate the equipment was designed for. Short cycling HVAC equipment will be less energy efficient and require more maintenance than properly sized HVAC equipment.
SIPs release no volatile organic compounds (VOCs). Furthermore, because SIP-Built structures are so air-tight, indoor air quality can be closely controlled, a huge advantage for those with environmental or chemical allergies. The air tightness of the SIP building envelope prevents air from gaining access to the interior of the home except in controlled amounts.
SIPs structural skins use oriented strand board (OSB). OSB is made from fast-growing, small-diameter trees that can be harvested from plantations, avoiding the need for cutting old-growth trees.
SIP homes go up much faster than traditionally framed buildings. A properly trained SIP installation crew can cut framing time by 55 percent compared to conventional wood framing, according to a third-party study conducted by R.S. Means. Panels are manufactured as big as 8- by 24-ft., so entire wall and roof sections can be put up quickly, reducing dry-in time.
SIPs are ready to install when they arrive at the jobsite, eliminating the time needed to perform the individual job site operations of framing, insulating and sheathing stick-framed walls. Electrical chases are typically provided in the core of panels, so there is no need to drill through studs for wiring.
SIP construction is recognized by the International Code Council body of building codes, which are used by most jurisdictions in the U.S.
For residential buildings, specific construction practices for SIP wall systems are included in Section R614 of the 2009 International Residential Code.
How Do SIPs Compare to Traditional Construction?
Structural insulated panels combine structural framing, insulation, and sheathing into one step. All Enercept window and door openings are factory built, complete with framing and headers. The fast enclosure system also extends your building season.
Building with Enercept requires less on-site labor, saving you money. Enercept can also provide on-site technical training for builders new to SIP construction.
The typical exterior framing waste of an Enercept home can sometimes be hauled off in a single 55-gallon container
SIPs reduce the margin for framing errors. Each panel is numbered to correspond with a computerized CAD panel blueprint. With the Enercept 4′-wide panel system, all rough openings are cut and framed at the factory and include structural headers. Panels are built to the engineer’s specs, taking the hassle and guesswork out of design and quality control on-site.
Could your truss roof support the weight of a pickup truck? Stick-framing relies on the integrity of a multitude of connection points between 2xs and sheathing. With SIPs, loads are distributed across the entire panel due to the continuous bond between the sheathing and rigid insulation.
Chances are you have been given misleading information about SIPs. Here are five common, but untrue, misconceptions about SIPs.
SIPs are a high-performance building system suitable for all types of construction. Sometimes referred to as “sandwich panels” or “stress skin panels”, SIPs contain a structural foam (insulating) core bonded between two structural skins. At Enercept, we use expanded polystyrene (EPS) foam for the insulating core and typically use oriented strand board (OSB) for the exterior and interior skins. SIPs are manufactured under factory-controlled conditions and can be fabricated to fit nearly any building design. The result is a cost-effective structure that is energy efficient and 2 1/2-times stronger than stick-built.
When you factor in material cost, labor expense, and job site waste with the benefit of a lifetime of energy savings, the Enercept system is a lower cost building solution.
Do Enercept Panels Contain Urea-Formaldehyde (UF) Or Chlorofluorocarbons (CFCs)?
No. Enercept SIPs were tested at the University of South Dakota and no traces of formaldehyde were detected. The panels do not produce off-gassing of dangerous chemicals either.
There are three methods of heat transfer: convection, conduction, and radiation. R-value is the measure of resistance to heat loss by conduction only. The most import factor in thermal efficiency is the continuity of the insulation. The Enercept SIPs system results in a solid envelope of insulation where even the connection posts have a foam core. Therefore, Enercept SIPs have the ability to resist heat transfer by both conduction and convection (air movement). With this in mind, it is reasonable to assume that a conventional home would require an R-40 wall to compare with a 6-inch Enercept wall (R-24).
A ventilated roof is not necessary in most climates. Model codes allow both vented (cold roof) and non-vented (hot roof) roof assemblies. Because SIPs are insulated, conductive loss of heat is avoided, negating the problems usually associated with a non-vented roof. If you must ventilate your roof, 2x strips can be attached to the top of the roof and then covered with sheathing to form a vented layer over the SIPs.
Enercept was the first SIP manufacturer to patent factory-installed electrical chases. All chases are marked on the interior sheathing of the panels for easy identification. Our roof panels can be pre-wired in the factory to your specifications (when permitted by local building codes). Simply drill access holes through the sill and top plates for access to the electrical chases. A comprehensive Enercept Electrical Guide is available.
Enercept structures are very air-tight compared to other building methods. Generally, a moisture barrier is applied to the exterior of the structure. Seam tape is provided for all interior panel connections and an air exchanger is strongly recommended. These measures will protect your home from moisture and will create exceptional indoor air quality.
The Enercept building system has been accepted for use by HUD and is ICC/ICBO approved. Enercept SIPs have been third-party tested by independent testing agencies – RADCO and NTA, Inc. Enercept offers a limited lifetime warranty